2017 | Enero 17
Through a recent amendment to Article 257 of the UAE Penal Code, any arbitrators, experts, or translators who issue biased decisions or opinions in UAE arbitration proceedings may now be subject to criminal liability. The new law has led to widespread concern and uncertainty in the international arbitration community.
Now, losing parties have the option of filing criminal complaints against any arbitrators, experts, or translators who appear to exhibit bias — whether appointed by the courts or administrative body or selected by the parties. Effective October 29, 2016, UAE Federal Decree Law No. 7 of 2016 amended Article 257 of the 1987 Federal Penal Code No. 3 to state:
Anyone who issues a decision, expresses an opinion, submits a report, presents a case or proves an incident in favor of or against a person, in contravention of the requirements of the duty of neutrality and integrity, while acting in his capacity as an arbitrator, expert, translator or fact finder appointed by an administrative or judicial authority or selected by the parties, shall be punished by temporary imprisonment.