Abuse of Process in International Arbitration

Emmanuel Gaillard2017 | Enero 6
Abuse of process has become increasingly frequent in the fields of international commercial arbitration and investment treaty arbitration over the past decades. A true instance of abuse of process denotes conduct that is prima facie legal and that cannot be redressed through the application of established rules of procedure or due process. Drawing on arbitral case law and the author’s experience as arbitrator and counsel, this article identifies categories of abuse of process that arise in contemporary arbitral practice and proposes legal tools that can effectively tackle this growing phenomenon.
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The lesson of a short-lived mutiny: The rise and fall of Hungary’s controversial arbitration regime in cases involving national assets

Ensayos2016 | Diciembre 2
The paper presents the saga of Hungary’s controversial arbitration regime in cases involving national property. It analyzes Hungary’s legislative efforts and ultimate failure to exclude arbitration in matters involving Hungarian national assets, demonstrating the efforts and the difficulties a country faces if it attempts to defy the prevailing pattern of dispute settlement in international trade.

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Ancient and Comely Order: The Use and Disuse of Arbitration by New York Quakers

F. Peter Phillips2016 | Noviembre 7
From the late 17th century, the Religious Society of Friends (“Quakers”) observed a method of resolving disputes arising within congregations that was scripturally based, and culminated in final and binding arbitration.
The practice of Quaker arbitration gradually disappeared during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and few modern Quakers are even aware of it. This article traces that decline and notes similarities with mercantile arbitration. In both religious and mercantile arbitration, a defined community valued the goal of avoiding group disruption more than the goal of vindicating individual legal rights. In both cases, members of the community applied distinct and particularized standards of conduct, rather than general legal codes, to resolve disputes. Finally, in both cases arbitration awards were, as a practical matter, self-executing and resort to court enforcement was inapplicable. The study proposes that attributes such as mutual accountability, closed communities, and shared behavioral expectations are distinctive hallmarks of the arbitration process, in the absence of which arbitration devolves from a powerful instrument of community cohesion to a mere alternative legal process.
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Exploring the Federal Arbitration Act Through The Lens of History

Imre Stephen Szalai2016 | Noviembre 5
The United States Arbitration Act (known today as the Federal Arbitration Act, or FAA) is a relatively short and deceptively cryptic statute. The heart of the statute, section 2, is one sentence, and this key provision simply declares that arbitration agreements are generally “valid, irrevocable, and enforceable. There is not much traditional legislative history surrounding this statute because much of the development of the bill that became the FAA occurred through organizations outside of Congress, like the American Bar Association and the New York Chamber of Commerce. As a result, to understand the FAA at a deeper level, it is helpful to examine the broader history and context surrounding the FAA’s enactment.
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A Variety of State-Level Procedures, Practices, and Policies: Arbitration in Early America

Carli Conklin2016 | Noviembre 5
Current hot topics in arbitration include the role of choice in arbitration, predispute arbitration agreements, religious arbitration, and debates surrounding the constitutionality and efficacy of arbitration under state law. While the specific question of each hot topic is distinct, the public discourse surrounding each question reveals some common themes: How should we resolve our disputes? Should that process be public or private? What law or norms should apply? Do we have a right to initiate litigation or resolve our disputes by way of a trial? If so, may we waive those rights through contractual agreement? If we may waive those rights, is it beneficial for democratic decision-making, the development of law, the parties in conflict, or the resolution of a dispute for us to do so? To what extent should arbitration adopt or mirror the procedures of litigation or the administrative functions of the court? Is arbitration distinct from litigation? Is arbitration effective, efficient, and/or “good”?
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Aspectos básicos y prácticos del arbitraje comercial internacional

Franco Conforti2015 | Octubre 27
La gran aceptación que tiene el arbitraje como forma de resolución de conflictos, a nivel internacional, es directamente proporcional al gran número de organismos públicos y privados que participan activamente en su desarrollo. Sin embargo, hay varias cuestiones que aún hoy en día plantean algunas dudas. Por ejemplo: ¿Cuáles son los beneficios del arbitraje? ¿El arbitraje tiene carácter jurisdiccional? ¿Cuál es la importancia de la Sede Arbitral? ¿Arbitraje de derecho o de equidad? ¿Arbitraje ad hoc o institucional? ¿Qué tan importante es la elección de los árbitros? ¿Qué institución arbitral elegir? ¿Litispendencia jurisdiccional y ejecución de un laudo?
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Apuntes sobre las causas de denegación del laudo extranjero de naturaleza privada

Francisco Javier Gorjón Gomez2001 | Mayo 1
El presente artículo pretende esclarecer la debida aplicación de las causas de denegación, sus elementos e interpretación, de forma sucinta, debido a que las características y la extensión de las causales, desbordan el alcance de este estudio, teniendo como objetivo darlas a conocer, para colaborar en una mayor difusión de la cultura arbitral, y en futura ocasión, hacer un estudio pormenorizado de cada una de ellas.
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